“The major football associations exclude Russia. But do they even have the right to punish teams and players for the actions of the state and its political leadership in violation of international law?”. This question is the main focus of the text for the Frankfurther Allgemeine Zeitung, co-authored by GCILS’ Director, Professor Tams and Martin Nolte.

To read more about the affect international politics can have on international sport rivalry and hopefully vice-versa, please got to https://www.faz.net/aktuell/sport/fussball/ukraine-krieg-duerfen-fifa-und-uefa-russische-teams-ausschliessen-17849965.html 

Also please see linked below an interview Professor Tams gave regarding the need for change in international sport standards, statutes and regulations: