Author Image

Dr Mohamad Janaby

Lecturer in International Law

Mohamad Janaby is a Lecturer in International Law with a particular interest in international humanitarian law, use of force, international criminal law and human rights law. As well as having research interests in such central, fundamental areas of international law, he also has particular interests in fields at the cutting-edge of international law, such as artificial intelligence, cyber operations and private military/security companies.

Mohamad was awarded his doctorate in International Law from the University of Aberdeen (2015). He also gained specialist qualifications in international law, including a Diploma in Rapid Expert Assistance and Co-operation Teams for Conflict Prevention, Crisis Management from International University Centre for Peace Missions- Helsinki España and Escuela de Organización (Spain) 2015, and a Master’s degree in International Law from Iraq (2000).

His PhD, awarded by the University of Aberdeen, formed the basis of his second monograph, “The Legal Regime Applicable to Private Military and Security Company Personnel in Armed Conflicts”, published by Springer in 2016. His first monograph, “Humanitarian Intervention under International Law”, was published in Arabic in 2010. His paper “Implications of the reciprocal effect of the Relationship between climate change and armed conflict on the Rules of IHL”, was selected to be the second-best paper in the Fifth International Committee of the Red Cross Research Competition on Climate Change, Environment, and Armed Conflict.

Below is a list of key publications. For a full list please click on the following links:

University of Glasgow Profile



UN Efforts to Make ISIS Accountable for International Crimes: the Challenges Posed by Iraq’s Domestic Law

Read more about this publication

Following the military defeat of isis in Iraq in December 2017, it has become clear that a logical next step would be to hold members of isis accountable for crimes committed during the capture of a number of principal Iraqi cities between 2014–2017. The unsc, accordingly, decided to investigate isis crimes internationally by establishing unitad to document isis violations whilst leaving any proposed prosecutions to be conducted internally by Iraqi courts. The practical implementation of this hybrid international mechanism for prosecuting isis members has generated some legal challenges caused particularly by the national laws of Iraq. Some of these legal issues arise in relation to unitad’s subjective jurisdiction to collect evidence concerning isis terrorist acts that might amount to evidence of war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. Others arise in relation to whether unitad’s criminal investigation procedures align or conform with Iraq’s criminal procedure laws. This paper examines these challenges and will propose some appropriate solutions.

Alfatlawi, A. A.

Implications of the reciprocal effect of the relationship between climate change and armed conflict on the rules of IHL

Read more about this publication

Selected as second-best paper in the Fifth International Committee of the Red Cross Research Competition on "Climate Change, Environment, and Armed Conflict".