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Joanna Dingwall is a public international lawyer, qualified to practice law in New York, Scotland, England and Wales. Since 2015, Joanna has lectured at the Law School as a Visiting Lecturer in International Law. Previously, she taught international law at the postgraduate Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy, School of African and Oriental Studies (SOAS), University of London for several years.

Joanna holds an LL.B. (first class honours) from the University of Glasgow and an LL.M. (International Legal Studies) from New York University Law School, where she was a Saint Andrew’s Society scholar and recipient of the Rankin-Stone Award. In 2019, Joanna completed her PhD on public international law/law of the sea at the University of Glasgow, sponsored by a College of Social Science Scholarship.

In addition to her academic career, Joanna is also an experienced practitioner of international law, law of the sea and international dispute resolution. Throughout her legal practice to date, Joanna has advised and represented States, international organisations and private entities on an extensive range of public international law matters. Currently, Joanna is a lawyer to the Scottish Government, advising the Scottish Ministers and Marine Scotland on issues of public international law, law of the sea, European law and domestic law concerning all aspects of Scotland’s offshore renewable energy industry, maritime zones/boundaries and in relation to legal protection of the marine environment.

Previously, Joanna was a senior associate at Volterra Fietta, the world’s first dedicated public international law firm, which has been consistently ranked in the top tier for public international law by the Legal 500 and Chambers and Partners. Before joining VF, Joanna was an associate in leading global law firm, Latham & Watkins, where she was a member of the highly-rated Public International Law and International Dispute Resolution Practice Groups. Joanna has also worked in the Offices of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Court, both situated in The Hague.


The International Legal Regime Applicable to the Mineral Resources of the Deep Seabed

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Deep seabed mining beyond national jurisdiction may soon become a commercial reality. The deep seabed covers almost three-quarters of the entire surface area of our oceans, and it boasts an array of valuable mineral resources, including metals and rare earth elements. This article will evaluate the international legal regime, which applies to mining activities in this area. Acting under UNCLOS, the International Seabed Authority is responsible for regulating the deep seabed and granting mining contracts to allow investors to explore for and exploit deep seabed minerals. After assessing the types of mineral resources present in the deep seabed, this article will consider the key parameters of the UNCLOS deep seabed regime, including its licensing process and the extent to which actors are undertaking mining activities within the regime at present.

European Yearbook of International Economic Law / Volume 9 / pp. 261-287

International Investment Protection in Deep Seabed Mining Beyond National Jurisdiction

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The deep seabed beyond national jurisdiction comprises almost three-quarters of the entire surface area of our oceans. It boasts an array of mineral resources, including valuable metals and rare earth elements. Acting under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the International Seabed Authority is responsible for regulating this area and granting mining contracts to allow investors to explore for and exploit deep seabed minerals. As yet, deep seabed mining activities have been confined to the exploratory stage. However, recently, there has been a marked growth in deep seabed investment by private corporate actors. As technology advances and commercial appetite increases, extraction of deep seabed minerals may soon commence. In this context, this article seeks to address crucial legal issues facing pioneers of deep seabed mining. What is the extent of investment protection within the existing regime? And are there dispute resolution options to enforce such protection?

Journal of World Investment and Trade / Volume 19 / Issue 5-6 / pp. 890-929