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Dr Henry Lovat

Senior Lecturer in International Law

Henry Lovat is a Senior Lecturer in International Law and Politics within the School of Law.

Henry has published widely on international law issues, including on treaty interpretation, multilateral treaty regime design, and the dynamics of international adjudication, including pushback and backlash against international courts. Substantive areas of interest include:

•The law of armed conflict
•International criminal law and practice
•International trade law and governance
•International, particularly European, human rights law
•Interdisciplinary approaches to International Law and International Relations

Henry is currently a UKRI Policy Fellow with the Scottish Government, where he is seconded to the Trade and Investment Directorate.

He was formerly a legal adviser with the UK Government, prior to which he was in private practice as an English-qualified solicitor and worked with UNHCR in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Henry has also worked as an international legal consultant on human rights issues with the Council of Europe, with UNRWA in Jerusalem, and with a range of UK and international NGOs.

Henry is Co-Convenor of the British International Studies Association, and is a member of the Law Society of Scotland Trade Policy Working Group. He is also a member of the Advisory Council of CCJO Rene Cassin.
Henry holds degrees from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (PhD International Relations), University of Toronto (LLM), McGill University (MA Political Science), and the University of Manchester (BA (Hons) Philosophy and Politics).

Below is a list of key publications. For a full list please click on the following links:

University of Glasgow Profile



International Adjudication and Its Discontents: A Pluralist Approach to International Tribunal Backlash

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International tribunal backlash remains poorly understood: hampered by conceptual challenges, systematic research into the causes of this phenomenon remains nascent. The present article makes two contributions to advancing this endeavour. First, building on existing literature, it sets out a working definition of international tribunal backlash, tailored to facilitate mixed method empirical research into the causes of backlash across institutions and sectors. Second, drawing on international relations’ pluralist turn, the article provides an analytically eclectic theoretical scaffold for causal analysis of international tribunal backlash, enabling standardised cross-institutional and sectoral comparison without over-simplifying the complexity of backlash in various instances. The article accordingly provides the building blocks for improved understanding of the causes of – and the potential scope to manage – international tribunal backlash across institutions, regions and sectors.

Negotiating Civil War: the Politics of International Regime Design

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Civil war has been a fact of political life throughout recorded history. However, unlike inter-state wars, international law has not traditionally regulated such conflicts. How then can we explain the post-1945 emergence and evolution of international treaty rules regulating the conduct of internal armed conflict: the 'Civil War Regime'? Negotiating Civil War combines insights derived from Realist, Rationalist, Liberal, and Constructivist approaches to International Relations to answer this question, revisiting the negotiation of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, the 1977 Additional Protocols, and the 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. This study provides a rigorous, critical account of the making of the Civil War Regime. Sophisticated and persuasive, it illustrates the complex interplay of material, ideational, social, and strategic factors in shaping these rules with important lessons for the making and unmaking of international law in a rapidly shifting international political, economic, and security environment.